Ospreys are known for their aerial dives and catches while hunting. However, you might be wondering what time of day do osprey hunt?
Ospreys prefer to hunt early in the morning, generally around dawn. This is due to the fact that their young are frequently hungry in the mornings, and it’s the best time for them to catch fish easily.
But there’s a lot more to learn about ospreys and their hunting routine. In this article, I have not only explained what time of day do ospery hunt but also answered some of the most frequently asked questions about these birds.
If you are interested in learning about them then I highly recommend reading this article to the end.
What Time of Day Do Osprey Hunt?
Ospreys hunt early in the morning. They generally start their day at dawn and keep hunting until the late morning. The peak time for hunting is during sunrise and up to an hour after it.
The reason why they hunt at such early hours is that their young eat a lot of food in the mornings. And since osprey spends most of their time rearing their young, they need to make sure that they have food for their little ones.
In the case of North American osprey, it’s been documented that they fly as far as hundreds of kilometers from their nests to find food to satisfy the hunger of their young ones. They will keep hunting until around an hour after sunrise and return to their nests before the sun is at its peak.
Do Osprey Hunt at Night Too?
Ospreys do not hunt at night. They generally rest during the evenings and await the dawn to come. During the night they remain perched on tall objects like trees or poles.
While osprey never hunts at night, their hunting behavior during early hours has been compared to eagles and owls which also prefer hunting around morning and evening time.
Since ospreys are not nocturnal hunters like eagles and owls, they do not need to be able to see well in the dark. They rely on their vision during the daytime which is why they hunt during the morning or after the sun has risen.
Where Do Osprey Hunt?
Ospreys hunt in small or large water bodies, generally near the shore. They are found mostly over oceans and lakes across North America all year long. However, there are times where they will also fly up to hundreds of kilometers just to find fish suitable for their little ones.
An osprey’s diet mainly consists of fish. They generally go for the type that is slow-moving and easy to catch, such as herring, trout, salmon, and mullet.
There are times where they may also hunt small mammals like bats or water birds like ducklings and goslings although these make up a very small portion of their diet.
How Do Ospreys Hunt? – The Osprey’s Aerial Diving Hunting Technique
Ospreys are also known as fish eagles. They usually fly high above the water and then dive into it to catch its prey. An osprey will dive at speeds that can reach up to 180 km/hr, which is about 112 miles an hour.
Ospreys can also reach depths of up to 5 meters while diving and hunting prey. It’s incredibly rare for them to miss their prey, and they generally catch around 1 fish per dive.
They will often go back to their nests with several fish in their talons, which they then feed to their young ones one by one. If the fish is too big, they will tear it into smaller pieces before feeding them.
Osprey vs. Eagles
An osprey is often confused with an eagle. However, the two birds differ in their hunting techniques and preferred choice of prey. While eagles prefer to hunt during daytime and focus on larger mammals like deer, goats, and sheep; ospreys stick to smaller fish that can be captured at a much faster rate.
Sometimes the luckiest birdwatchers may see ospreys and eagles fighting together for food. Most of the time, the Eagles will try to steal the food from the ospreys.
In the case of North American osprey, they fight for their food more often with other types of birds rather than eagles. Having that said, the eagle being a more aggressive raptor will usually force the osprey to let go of the hunted prey.
Can You Identify a Fish Eagle?
If you want to know if the bird that you have spotted is an osprey, then check out its wings. Ospreys have long and distinct wings with a dark brown color on top and white on the bottom.
Their wing tips are also quite pointed, which is more pronounced in males than females. The average osprey’s wingspread can reach up to 1.5 meters. They are 21 to 23 inches (53 to 58 centimeters) long and usually weigh between three to four pounds (1.3 to 1.8 kilograms). Compared to the male, female ospreys are larger.
Also, what separates them from other eagles is the fact that they have thin legs and somewhat smaller heads. Their beak is also dull and grey in color with a black tip, which makes it appear slightly orange at times.
How Can You Find an Osprey Nest?
Ospreys build their nests near a source of water where they can easily hunt for prey every day. They will generally find the tallest tree near the water and build their nests on top of it.
Oftentimes, ospreys will start building a nest as early as February or March, although they do not lay eggs until April or May. If you spot a bird that is constantly going from one branch to another, fixing shapes together then it’s probably an osprey making its nest.
There are times where ospreys will build their nests near human structures like houses, cellphone towers, and even wind turbine farms. The reason why they do this is that these structures are tall enough for them to have an amazing view of the area so that they can easily hunt for prey or escape potential predators.
How Can You Identify an Osprey Nest?
Osprey nests are generally large and bulky since they need sturdy branches for it to be built upon. If you come across a tall branch that has a flat sheet of material covering it, then you can be sure that an osprey has built its nest there.
However, the main challenge in identifying an osprey nest is that they are generally made out of sticks and leaves. Since these materials are commonly found in nature, it becomes hard to identify whether or not the branch just has some random twigs or if it’s the osprey’s nest.
Where Can You Find Osprey?
Ospreys can be found in most parts of North America, particularly the United States and Canada. But they are also common in Mexico, Central America, and South America. They can also be seen in some coastal regions of Europe like Norway and Morocco.
There has been a growing number of ospreys that have been moving into residential areas. This is because humans have created artificial nests and ospreys like to make use of them.
Their habitat ranges from coastal regions, rivers and lakes, and even forested areas. However, they generally prefer to nest near the coast since fish makes up a large portion of their diet.
What is the Best time to See an Osprey Hunting?
Ospreys generally hunt during early morning or before dusk. However, if they can’t find prey during these times then they will switch their hunting behavior and start doing it in the evening when the sun goes down.
It is still rare for ospreys to be nocturnal hunters like eagles and owls since they do not need to rely on their vision at night.
Osprey Sighting Preference
While it’s not impossible for you to spot an osprey during the day, it’s easier to see them around dawn or dusk. This is because they are more active during these times of the day for spectacular hunting behavior which you can enjoy up close.
Ospreys are also more likely to be seen along water sources such as Southern California riverways, so if you want a guaranteed osprey spotting experience then those would be the best places for you.
They also have a preference on seasons as they can become more active during certain times of the year. In Southern California, March and April are the best months to spot ospreys as this is when they build their nests.
In the summer, they will take a break from hunting and focus more on raising their young ones. This means that you can see an osprey carrying small fish back to their nests. Meanwhile, in winter, most of them will migrate to warmer climates where they can enjoy shorter hunting times.
Those are some of the fun facts that you should know about ospreys, which are also known as fish eagles! If you want to see one up close then Southern California is one of the best places for you to go!
Note: There are no actual subspecies called “fish eagle”, and this term is used very loosely and informally. The osprey carries fish to its nest quite rarely, and it’s not really an eagle at all.
How Often Do Osprey Prey on Fish?
Ospreys are likely to prey on fish every other day. They only eat small fish, which is around 30 inches long or smaller, since bigger ones can be too difficult for them to carry back to their nests.
Most of the time, osprey will hunt alone since they can easily finish off a group of fish without any help. However, if they are successful in their hunt then the osprey will call other ospreys to share the meal with them.
Do Ospreys Only Eat Fish?
Yes, the osprey only prey on fish. They are carnivorous raptors which means that they can’t digest plant materials.
These birds of prey have also adapted to eat only flesh-based diets because it’s easier for their body to let go of waste products. They will generally regurgitate the indigestible parts like the bones and fur from their prey.
How Often Do Osprey Return to the Same Fishing Spot?
Ospreys have a high success rate when it comes to fishing. This is because they know where to hunt for fish, return to the same spots over and over again.
The osprey also knows that certain parts of a lake or river will have fish that are easier to catch. This means that osprey can return up to 3 times a day with the same good results.
What Do Osprey Eat When They Are Young?
Ospreys start feeding their young ones regurgitated food right after they hatch, and this is how they survive until they are old enough to leave their nests.
The female osprey will bring small fish back to the nest every 1-2 days, where the male osprey will take it from her and feed it to their young ones. This feeding process can last around 6 weeks or more depending on the growing needs of the chicks.
So What Time of Day Do Osprey Hunt? if you’ve read the whole article then you will have learned that they mostly hunt in early morning. However, it is not necessary and sometimes they may start hunting later.
What Osprey Eat on Average? they mainly prey on fish but during certain seasons, they may catch small birds or mammals as well. If you are looking to spot an osprey then Southern California is the place for you!
Do Osprey Retire From Fishing? no, since these birds of prey can be active all year round. You can expect to see them fishing in winter or summer, especially during the months of March and April!
Are Osprey Nocturnal? no, they are diurnal which means that they are active throughout the day. However, they may be seen resting for longer periods during winter or summer just like what humans do.
That’s it and I hope you’ve enjoyed reading this article. If yes then please feel free to share it with your friends and family.
As always thank you so much for reading.
Happy Bird watching!